1) Serpentine flow pattern - When the melt enters the mold cavity from the gate, it produces a jet effect, which is like a snake on the surface of the product, so it is called serpentine flow pattern. (2) wave pattern - the melt in the mold cavity flow is not smooth, sometimes fast and sometimes slow, the performance on the surface of the product like a wave, so called wandering pattern.
(3) radiation pattern - generally appear only near the gate, the melt into the mold cavity when the jet, expressed in the surface of the product for the radial, so called radiation pattern. 4）Fluorescent pattern - The shear stress generated by the melt flow makes the surface of the product produce a luster very similar to the body of a firefly, so it is called a fluorescent pattern.
Solution of flow pattern
1）Snake flow pattern
When the gate depth is much smaller than the cavity entrance depth, and the mold filling rate is high, the melt flow becomes unstable jet flow, and the jet in front has solidified and the flowing melt behind fills the cavity, then a snake flow pattern appears on the surface of the product.
① Change the process conditions. The method of lowering the injection rate will gradually eliminate the jet effect and make the melt flow in an extended way, and the extended flow will make the product have better surface quality.
②Change the mold gate size. When the depth of the gate is slightly smaller than the depth of the mold cavity, the exit expansion of the jet makes the melt behind and the front edge of the jet not far from the outflow fuse, so that the jet effect is not obvious. When the gate depth is equal to or close to the cavity depth, the mold filling rate is low and the extended flow is formed.
③Change the mold gate angle. Make the angle between mold gate and mold moving mold 4o~5o, so that when the melt flows out from the gate, it will be stopped by the mold cavity wall first, which can prevent the appearance of snake flow pattern.
④Change the position of the mold gate. Set the mold gate at the closest position to the mold cavity wall (perpendicular to the direction of the gate), so that when the melt flows out from the gate, it will be stopped by the mold cavity wall first, which can also prevent the jet from appearing and make it become an extended flow, thus avoiding the appearance of snake flow pattern.
During the melt filling process, the new melt flow is continuously pressed out from the inner layer, pushing the front wave stagnant flow to move, while the front wave edge is constantly stretched, due to the resistance to flow, the melt pressure rises later and flattens the wave pattern just formed in front, resulting in the accumulation of stagnant flow and the formation of wave pattern on the surface of the product. Especially when the injection rate is fast, the injection pressure is small or the mold structure is unreasonable, the melt flow stops when it enters and the PP crystallization is fast and slow, which is more likely to cause inconsistent crystallization on the surface of the product and form wavy lines on the surface of the product.
① Change the process conditions. Adopt high pressure and low speed injection, which can keep the stability of melt flow of molten mass and thus prevent the appearance of wavy lines.
② Increase the mold temperature. As the mold temperature increases, the melt flowability increases. For crystalline polymers, higher temperature is beneficial to the uniformity of crystallization, thus reducing the appearance of wavy lines.
③ Change the mold cavity structure. The structure of the mold can also cause the appearance of wavy patterns on the surface of the product. For example, if the angles of the mold core are more prominent, the melt flow resistance is higher, which will cause the melt flow instability, thus forming wavy patterns. Therefore, changing the corners of the mold core to make a buffer transition and keep the melt flow stable can prevent the appearance of wavy patterns.
④Change the thickness of the product. Uneven thickness of the product will make the melt flow resistance sometimes large and sometimes small, resulting in unstable melt flow, so try to design the thickness of the product as uniform thickness, can also prevent the appearance of wavy lines.
When the injection rate is too large and the melt is ejected, the melt has elasticity, so when the melt flows quickly from the barrel to the cavity through the mold gate, the elasticity of the melt recovers too quickly, causing the melt to rupture and produce radiation patterns.
① Change the process conditions. Adopt high pressure and low speed injection to increase the flow time of elastic melt in the same flow length and increase the degree of elastic failure, so as to reduce the appearance of radiation pattern.
② Change the mold gate shape. Enlarging the gate or changing the gate to fan shape can make the elasticity of the melt recover slightly before it enters the mold cavity to avoid melt rupture.
③ Lengthen the length of the main sprue of the mold. It can also avoid melt breakage by making its elasticity fail before the melt enters the mold cavity. ④Replacement of equipment to extend nozzle. Lengthen the flow path of the melt before proceeding to the mold cavity, so that the elastic failure of the melt is increased, which can also avoid the radiation pattern due to melt rupture.
● When the melt flows in the mold cavity, one end of the molecular chain near the solidification layer is fixed to the solidification layer, while the other end is stretched by the neighboring molecular chain in the flow direction. As the melt near the cavity wall has the highest resistance to flow and the lowest flow rate, and the center of the cavity has the lowest resistance to flow and the highest flow rate, a velocity gradient is formed in the flow direction. The surface of the product will show glow lines.
① Change the process conditions. With the increase of the injection rate, the cooling time of the melt in the same length of the flow branch is reduced, and the solidification of the melt per unit volume becomes slower, so that the internal stress of the product is weakened and the appearance of fluorescent lines on the surface of the product is reduced.
②Increase the mold temperature. Higher mold temperature can make the macromolecule relaxation accelerate, molecular orientation and internal stress are reduced, thus reducing the appearance of fluorescent lines on the surface of the product.
③Change the mold cavity structure and increase the thickness of the product. The thickness of the product is larger, the melt cooling slower, the stress relaxation time is relatively longer, the orientation stress will be reduced, thus reducing the fluorescent pattern.
④ Heat treatment (oven baking or hot water cooking). Heat treatment intensifies macromolecular movement and shortens relaxation time, which strengthens the unorientation effect and thus reduces fluorescence lines.